The Drug Rediscovery Protocol (DRUP Trial)
Last updated: January 25, 2023
This is a prospective, non-randomized clinical trial that aims to describe the efficacy and toxicity of commercially available, targeted anticancer drugs* prescribed for treatment of patients with advanced cancer.
The Drug Rediscovery Protocol
This is a prospective, non-randomized clinical trial that aims to describe the efficacy and toxicity of commercially available, targeted anticancer drugs* prescribed for treatment of patients with advanced cancer with a potentially actionable variant as revealed by a genomic or protein expression test. The study also aims to simplify patient access to approved targeted therapies that are contributed to the program by collaborating pharmaceutical companies and to perform next generation sequencing on tumor biopsies for biomarker analyses. Eligible patients have an advanced solid tumor, multiple myeloma or B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma for which standard treatment options are no longer available and acceptable performance status and organ function. A genomic or protein expression test must have been performed on the tumor and the results must identify at least one potentially actionable molecular variant as defined in the protocol. Results from the molecular profiling test will be used to determine an appropriate drug(s) from among those available in the protocol. The choice of drug will be supported by a list of potential profiles, a molecular tumor board, a knowledge library and by study coordinators for review and approval of the match. The protocol-specified treatment will be administered to the patient once any drug-specific eligibility criteria are confirmed and a fresh pre-treatment biopsy is performed for future genetic studies. All patients who receive treatment with a drug available in the protocol will be followed for standard efficacy outcomes including tumor response, progression-free and overall survival as well as duration of treatment. In addition, treatment related toxicity will be evaluated.
- Adult (age >18 years) patient with a histologically-proven locally advanced or metastatic solid tumor, multiple myeloma or B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma who is no longer benefitting from standard anti-cancer treatment or for whom no such treatment is available or indicated.
* For GBM patients: Histologically confirmed recurrent or de novo glioblastoma (primary), with unequivocal first progression after radiotherapy and concurrent/adjuvant chemotherapy, at least 3 months after the concomitant part of the chemo-radiotherapy, and with stable or decreasing dosage of steroids for at least 7 days prior to the baseline MRI scan.
- ECOG performance status 0-2
- Patients must have acceptable organ function as defined below. However, specific inclusion/exclusion criteria specified in the drug-specific study manual will take precedence:
- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.5 x 109/l
- Hemoglobin > 5.6 mmol/l
- Platelets > 75 x 109/l
- Total bilirubin < 2 x ULN
- AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) < 2.5 x institutional ULN (or < 5 x ULN in patients with known hepatic metastases)
- Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN or calculated or measured creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min/1.73 m2
- Patients must have objectively evaluable or measurable disease (by physical or radiographic examination, according to RECIST v1.1 for patients with solid tumors, or according to IMWG, Lugano, RANO or GCIG criteria, resp., for patients with multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, glioblastoma or ovarian cancer in case of CA125-based evaluation (please refer to appendices for further details) [16, 17].
- Results must be available from a tumor genomic or protein expression test. Eligible tests may include any of the following technologies: fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), next generation sequencing (NGS) or immunohistochemistry (IHC). The test may have been performed on the primary tumor or a metastatic deposit, in a diagnostic laboratory or within the context of another CPCT study, and must reveal a potentially actionable variant as defined in Section 5. The test results (full pathology or molecular diagnostics report) must be uploaded in the eCRF.
- Patients must have a tumor profile for which single agent treatment with one of the EMA approved targeted anti-cancer drugs included in this study has potential clinical benefit based on preclinical data or clinical information (see section 5).
- A new (obtained ≤2 months before inclusion, and without any type of anti-cancer therapy within those ≤2 months ) fresh frozen tumor biopsy specimen for extensive biomarker testing is mandatory before the start of treatment with a targeted agent included in the protocol.
*For GBM patients:
The mandatory fresh frozen tumor biopsy sample can be obtained through standard-of-care surgical procedures (i.e., performed at progression, for cytoreduction, to proof progressive disease, or to reduce mass effect on the surrounding brain tissue). Thus, surgical procedures are standard-of-care and not part of trial participation. Fresh frozen tumor tissue must have been obtained ≤2 months before inclusion, and without any type of anti-cancer therapy within those ≤2 months. After surgical procedures, patients must meet the following inclusion criteria:
i. Surgery must have confirmed the recurrence. ii. A post-surgery MRI should be available within 48 hours following surgery, and must show residual and measurable disease.
iii. Craniotomy or intracranial biopsy site must be adequately healed free of drainage or cellulitis, and the underlying cranioplasty must appear intact at the time of study inclusion.
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
- For orally administered drugs, the patient must be able to swallow and tolerate oral medication and must have no known malabsorption syndrome.
- Because of the risks of drug treatment to the developing foetus, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) for the duration of study participation, and for four months following completion of study therapy. Male patients should avoid impregnating a female partner. Male patients, even if surgically sterilized, (i.e. post-vasectomy) must agree to one of the following: practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug, or completely abstain from sexual intercourse.
- Ongoing toxicity > grade 2, other than alopecia.
- Patient is receiving any other anti-cancer therapy (cytotoxic, biologic, radiation, or hormonal other than for replacement) except for medications that are prescribed for supportive care but may potentially have an anti-cancer effect (e.g., megestrol acetate, bisphosphonates). These medications must have been started ≥ 1 week prior to enrollment on this study.
- Patient is pregnant or nursing.
- Patients with known active progressive brain metastases. Patients with previously treated brain metastases are eligible, provided that the patient has not experienced a seizure or had a clinically significant change in neurological status within the 3 months prior to registration. All patients with previously treated brain metastases must be stable for at least 1 month after completion of treatment and off steroid treatment prior to study enrollment.
* Additional exclusion criteria specific for glioblastoma patients:
- Patients who require anti-convulsant therapy must be taking non-enzyme inducing antiepileptic drugs (non-EIAED). EIAED are prohibited. Patients previously on EIAED must be switched to non-EIAED at least 2 weeks prior to randomization.
- No radiotherapy within the three months prior to the diagnosis of progression.
- No radiotherapy with a dose over 65 Gy, stereotactic radiosurgery or brachytherapy unless the recurrence is histologically proven.
- Patients with clinically significant preexisting cardiac conditions, including uncontrolled or symptomatic angina, uncontrolled atrial or ventricular arrhythmias, or symptomatic congestive heart failure are not eligible.
- Patients with known left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% are not eligible
- Patients with stroke (including TIA) or acute myocardial infarction within 3 months before the first dose of study treatment are not eligible
- Patients with any other clinically significant medical condition which, in the opinion of the treating physician, makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the study or which could jeopardize compliance with study requirements including, but not limited to: ongoing or active infection, significant uncontrolled hypertension, or severe psychiatric illness/social situations.
|Meander Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Amersfoort, Utrecht, Netherlands, 3818 ES|
|Contact: H.J. Bloemendal, MD|
|Principal Investigator: G.A. Cirkel, MD|
|Noordwesr ziekenhuis Alkmaar (NWZ)||Recruiting|
|Contact: M.P. Hendriks, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: M.P. Hendriks, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: Siemerik|
|Netherlands Cancer Institute||Recruiting|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1066CX|
|Contact: E.E. Voest, prof. 0031205129111 DRUP@nki.nl|
|Contact: L. Zeverijn, MD 0031205129111 DRUP@nki.nl|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1081 HV|
|Contact: M Labots|
|Principal Investigator: M Labots|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1105AZ|
|Contact: Adriaan Bins, MD, PhD email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: A Bins, MD, PhD|
|Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis (OLVG)||Recruiting|
|Contact: E.D. Kerver|
|Principal Investigator: E.D. Kerver|
|Contact: S.C.S. Tromp|
|Principal Investigator: S.C.S. Tromp|
|Contact: van Voorthuizen|
|Principal Investigator: van Voorthuizen|
|Contact: H. Westgeest, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: H. Westgeest, MD, PhD|
|Reiner de Graaf Gasthuis||Recruiting|
|Contact: V.O. Dezentje|
|Principal Investigator: V.O. Dezentje|
|Haaglanden medisch centrum||Recruiting|
|Den Haag, Netherlands|
|Principal Investigator: Jeurissen|
|Den Haag, Netherlands|
|Principal Investigator: Hautsma|
|Principal Investigator: Imholz|
|Ziekehuis Nij Smellinghe||Recruiting|
|Principal Investigator: Hovenga|
|Ziekehuis Gelderse Vallei||Recruiting|
|Contact: de Mol|
|Principal Investigator: dr Mol|
|Maxima Medisch Centrum||Recruiting|
|Eindhoven, Netherlands, 5631 BM|
|Contact: G Vreugdenhil, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: G Vreugdenhil, MD, PhD|
|Geleen, Netherlands, 6162 BG|
|Contact: F L Erdkamp, MD|
|Principal Investigator: F L Erdkamp, MD|
|Contact: M.A. Davidis|
|Principal Investigator: M.A. Davidis|
|Contact: van Rooijen|
|Principal Investigator: van Rooijen|
|University Medical Center Groningen||Recruiting|
|Contact: D.J.A. de Groot, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: D.J.A. de Groot, MD, PhD|
|Contact: G.J. de Klerk|
|Principal Investigator: G.J. de Klerk|
|Principal Investigator: Oldenhuis|
|Medisch Centrum Leeuwaarden||Recruiting|
|Contact: de Graaf|
|Principal Investigator: de Graaf|
|Leiden University Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Contact: A.J. Gelderblom, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: A.J. Gelderblom, MD, PhD|
|Maastricht University Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Contact: A. Hoeben, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: A. Hoeben, MD, PhD|
|St. Antonius ziekhuis||Recruiting|
|Principal Investigator: Los|
|NIjmegen, Netherlands, 6225GA|
|Contact: C.M.L. van Herpen, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: H Verheul, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: Boudewijn|
|St. Fransicus Gasthuis||Recruiting|
|Rotterdam, Netherlands, 3045 PM|
|Contact: A P Hamberg, MD|
|Principal Investigator: A P Hamberg, MD|
|Contact: M.J.A. de Jonge, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: M.J.A. de Jonge, MD, PhD|
|Tilburg, Netherlands, 5022 GC|
|Contact: L.V. Beerepoot, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: L.V. Beerepoot, MD, PhD|
|University Medical Center Utrecht||Recruiting|
|Utrecht, Netherlands, 3584CX|
|Contact: M.H.G. Langenberg, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator: L Devriese, MD, PhD|
|Contact: van der wouw|
|Principal Investigator: van der Wouw|
|Contact: de Groot|
|Principal Investigator: de Groot|